Montessori starts with a daily morning movement program. This assists in developing a child’s gross motor function, a vital area as it forms one of the essential structures for all other learning.
The Montessori curriculum is very broad based and covers traditional and uniquely Montessori subjects as seen below:
The Practical Life activities are the first activities introduced in the curriculum and allow your child to imitate the adults every day activities as well as to instil self-respect and self-esteem in themselves, others and the environment.
The Practical Life area of a classroom is an extension of your child’s own home environment. It aims at developing his independence, intelligence, concentration, co-ordination, control, motor skills, social skills and self-discipline. The Practical Life exercises are broken down into four key areas:
1. Elementary Movements – develops the child’s manipulative skills and body co-ordination e.g. pouring, cutting, folding and threading
2. Care of the Person – teaches the child how to look after himself and his property e.g. putting on his coat, tying his shoelaces, folding his clothes
3. Care of the Environment – teaches the child tasks he will need and use within his environment e.g. dusting, tidying up, setting a table, cooking skills
4. Social Skills, Grace and Courtesy – this teaches the child to understand his role in society and what kind of conduct is acceptable e.g. how to speak in a group, polite greetings, disposing of litter etc.
Sensorial exercises are for the development and refreshment of the child’s five senses, thereby sharpening his intellect and ability to control, preparing him for more advanced exercises in maths, language and geometry. The exercises give each child the vocabulary they need to start out with, words such as height, width, etc. The child then takes these words and uses them in his or her environment. The child completes one step at a time, progressively moving from simple to complex. Where possible, each sense is isolated to provide an intense experience. Exercises include; Colour Boxes, Touch Tablets and Sound Boxes.
Language development is vital to all human development and is introduced through a step-by-step programme starting with the Sandpaper Letters. (Children effortlessly link sound to symbol while tracing sandpaper letters with their fingers, thus encouraging the natural progression of written expression and reading skills). Exercises include; Large Moveable Alphabet, Object and Word Boxes, Sentence Strips
Culture is made up of Biology, Geography, Nature and Art. These subjects develop each child’s individual skills, increase their vocabulary and reading skills, increase their knowledge, develop their physical skills, satisfy their senses, teach them changes and life cycles in life and nature, and teach them ecology and aspects of different cultures, as well as of the different people around the world. Culture helps the child understand where he is in the world and the important contribution he has to offer. Exercises include, the Continent Globe, the Jigsaw Map of the Continents, and Animal puzzles
Maths is introduced to your child from the first day. It teaches them the study of form, quantity, numbers and relations, helping the children understand concepts of Maths by manipulating concrete materials. It allows him to understand analysis and clear reasoning. It teaches him to sort events into classes and categories and introduces awareness of relationships between classes and categories. Above all, it teaches logic and prepares them for later abstract learning. Exercises include, Sandpaper numbers, Number Rods, Cards and Counters.
Each of the above areas will be presented in simple format, even to the youngest child, and presentations will grow in complexity as your child matures in the environment.
The Montessori curriculum is non-graded and non-competitive, thus allowing your children to work and grow in an environment that permits their individual potential to reach its own level and at its own pace, without any negative or judgmental pressure.